Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Sudan face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. In July 2020, Sudan removed the death penalty, which had never been enforced, as well as corporal punishment as a punishment for anal sex (male or female), leaving imprisonment as the penalty for a male perpetrator. The penalty for a third offense remains life in prison, but there are no documented cases of this being applied.
On 9 July 2020, Sudan abolished the death penalty as a punishment for anal sex. There are no documented cases of executions. The Sudanese Sovereign Council also eliminated the imposition of 100 lashes, and added two years to the sentence for a second offense. They changed the penalty for a third offense from death or life imprisonment to life imprisonment. A first offense is now punished with up to five years and a second offense with up to seven years. Sudanese LGBT+ activists hailed the reform as a ‘great first step’, but said it was not enough yet, and the end goal should be the decriminalisation of gay sexual activity altogether.